A magnifier is like a special kind of glass that makes things look bigger. It’s like holding a telescope up to your eye, but instead of looking far away, you’re looking at something close up. You might use a magnifier to read small print or to see something in more detail. It works by bending the light that passes through the glass, which makes the object you’re looking at appear larger.
When light hits the magnifying glass, it bends, or refracts, as it goes through the glass. This causes the light rays to spread out, making the image of the object you’re looking at appear larger. The amount of bending, or refraction, depends on the shape of the glass and the thickness of the lens. A thicker lens will bend the light more, making the image appear larger.
It’s like when you put a spoon in a glass of water, the spoon looks bent, that’s because the light is bending as it goes through the water. Similarly, when you look through a magnifying glass, the light is bending and making the image appear bigger.
You can also find magnifiers that have multiple lenses, called multiple lens system. These types of magnifiers can magnify even more. They work by having several lenses that each magnify the image a little bit more. The more lenses in the system, the more the image will be magnified.
Also, some magnifiers have a handle that helps you hold the lens steady while you use it. This makes it easier to see the image clearly and not have it move around.
So, a magnifying glass is a simple tool that uses the science of light and lenses to make things look bigger. It can be helpful when you want to read small print or look at something in more detail.