Space rockets are typically launched in stages, which means that the rocket is made up of multiple sections that are designed to detach and fall away as the rocket ascends. This is done in order to make the rocket more efficient and to reduce its weight, which allows it to fly higher and faster.
The first stage of a rocket is the bottom section and it is typically the largest and most powerful part of the rocket. It is responsible for lifting the rocket off the ground and accelerating it to high speeds. Once the first stage completes its job, it detaches from the rest of the rocket and falls back to Earth.
The second stage is the middle part of the rocket, and it takes over from the first stage to continue propelling the rocket into space. The second stage also carries the payload, like a satellite or a spacecraft, that the rocket is launching. Once the second stage completes its job, it also detaches from the rest of the rocket.
The final stage is the top part of the rocket, also known as the “payload fairing” or “third stage” it is responsible for delivering the payload into its final orbit or destination. It is typically smaller and less powerful than the first two stages.
The use of stages allows the rocket to be more efficient and to carry more payload into space. Each stage is designed to complete a specific task and then detach when it is no longer needed, which reduces the weight of the rocket and allows it to fly higher and faster.