How to explain electron to a ten years old?

2023 Jan 14

An electron is a tiny particle that is found inside atoms. Atoms are the building blocks of everything around us, from the air we breathe to the things we touch and see. Electrons are negatively charged, which means they have a special property that can make them move around. This movement of electrons is what creates electricity, which is used to power things like lights and computers. Imagine electrons like tiny balls that are always moving around and bumping into each other inside atoms.

These tiny electrons are also responsible for chemical reactions that happen in our body and in nature. For example, when you eat an apple, the electrons in the apple’s atoms interact with the electrons in your body’s atoms, which allows your body to break down the apple and use it for energy.

Also electrons are responsible for creating the different colors of light. For example, when electricity runs through a neon light, the electrons in the neon gas inside the light tube get excited and give off light that is red. If electricity runs through a different gas, like mercury, the light it produces is blue.

So, electrons are really important and do many things. They are tiny but powerful!