Global warming refers to the gradual increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature caused by rising levels of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere. These gases trap heat from the sun, which causes the planet to warm up.
This warming can lead to a variety of negative impacts on human society, including more extreme weather events, rising sea levels, and changes in precipitation patterns. These changes can cause flooding, droughts, and heatwaves, which can lead to crop failures, water shortages, and other challenges for human communities.
Additionally, global warming can also have negative impacts on biodiversity, as many species are unable to adapt to rapidly changing conditions.